Lightwave Logic is continuing the original research of its founder, Dr. Frederick Goetz, an industry-wide recognized expert in polyheterocyclic organic chemistry. Organic chemistry was the stepping stone to the Company’s development of an organic polymer which provided a thermally stable environment out of the box and then made it electro-optically active. A breakthrough in technology resulted and the Perkinamine™ family of chromophores was trademarked.
The Perkinamine™ family of materials have already demonstrated the ability to withstand processing temperatures of 180C, making it suitable for deposition into many different optical structures that could become the building blocks of optical devices.
Lightwave Logic’s technology involves the development and chemical synthesis of sophisticated organic chromophores (dyes) that are used in the creation of electro-optical and all-optical polymer materials. These materials can be used as electro-optically active coatings for various integrated optical devices.
These next generation advanced non-linear electro-optic polymers and all-optical polymers can convert high-speed electronic signals into optical (light) signals, or in the case of all-optical polymers, use light waves to switch other light waves.
Because of a unique characteristic of organic chromophores to be highly attracted to each other (dimerization), Lightwave Logic has also developed and patented, complex spacer systems to counteract this powerful chemical tendency. This is a critical step, which allows the chromophore to be chemically “aligned” for high electro-optic activity. Once this process is complete, the material can be activated by the application of an RF field or in the case of Third-Order materials, by light.
Thermal stability of greater than 200 degrees C is one of the key advantages that Lightwave Logic’s polymer materials hold over our competition. This is a critical prerequisite for successful commercialization. Electro-optic polymers need to seamlessly integrate with standard CMOS manufacturing processes that require materials that can withstand greater than 180 degrees C…our materials meet that requirement.
Photo and Chemical Stability
Once in a device, Lightwave Logic’s materials have a tendency to resist photo and chemical bleaching. More importantly, the Company’s organic polymers have in some cases, demonstrated the ability to operate in ambient conditions without the need for additional, expensive packaging.
Lightwave Logic has launched the in-house development of several proprietary, advanced integrated optical devices and sub-systems with broad application in telecommunications, data communications and optical computing—each with applications for both military and commercial markets.
These devices will incorporate the Company’s proprietary Perkinamine™ family of advanced electro-optical and all-optical polymers.
Advanced Telecom Modulator
A modulator is a device that converts digital information into pulses of light and transmits data at high speeds over fiber optic cable. Lightwave Logic has already begun building several of the optical structures that could be used for telecom modulators and are currently being assembled into working prototype devices.
Lightwave Advantage–A typical telecom modulator, built around lithium niobate has the ability to transmit at a data rate of 10 Gb/s and requires approximately 3 to 4 volts to operate the device. Modulators incorporating Perkinamine™ materials could have the potential to operate at 100 Gb/s and require less than 1 volt to operate.
Advanced Telecom/Datacom Transceiver
A transceiver is a device that both transmits and receives data and can operate within many different telecom or datacom network layers—box-to-box (long haul); box-to-box within data centers; rack-to-box; and chip-to-chip.
Lightwave Advantage–Most legacy transceivers built around inorganic materials are limited to one single, multi-mode fiber operating at 10 Gb/s. Lightwave Logic’s advanced organic polymer transceiver is being designed to run multiple channels, each operating at data rates as high as 100 Gb/s with extremely low operating voltage.
Spatial Light Modulator
Lightwave Logic and one of its partners are building an advanced design, spatial light modulator (SLM) using its proprietary Perkinamine™ material. An SLM is an optical computer device that processes images for object recognition by converting complex visual data into optical “thumb prints” that can rapidly be converted to an image view. Today’s versions of SLMs are based on Liquid Crystal Display Technology (LCD).
Lightwave Advantage–A typical LCD SLM is capable of processing approximately 60 frames per second. A SLM made with one Lightwave Logic’s organic polymers could process millions of frames per second, resulting in a potential for new product categories in areas such as facial or object recognition for both military and civilian applications.
All Optical Switch
Lightwave Logic has developed a proprietary Perkinamine™ material with Third-Order properties. This means that another light wave can cause it to enter an “excited state” without the need for external electrical input. Perkinamine™ has been tested by the Air Force Research Laboratories and demonstrated the material’s ability to go from the grounded state to the excited state and back in less a femtosecond. That is one quadrillionth, or one millionth of one billionth, of a second. To put this in context, a femtosecond is to a second, what a second is to about 31.7 million years. External partners are currently contemplating opportunities for this material in several military applications.
All optical switching can be used for applications like encryption. By moving data around in a purely optical domain, it emits no electric radiance. Radiance indicates how much power will be emitted by a reflecting surface that could be received by an optical system looking at traditional encryption systems. When electro-optic devices are used, this is a potential vulnerability that sophisticated code breakers can use to break into secure transmissions. Several other all-optical applications have been contemplated involving data communications, telecommunications and even the potential to develop an all-optical transistor.
Lightwave Advantage–The Company’s electro-optic polymers have the capability to go from the grounded state to excited state and fully back to the grounded stated at extremely high rates of speed. Inorganic materials are not capable of doing this.
Microelectronics Applications (Multiple Tier 1 Photonics Companies Under NDA)
Lightwave Logic is working with numerous Tier 1 photonics device suppliers and photonics integration companies that are currently under mutual NDA agreements. These companies are investigating coating their devices with our materials, utilizing Lightwave materials in their R&D efforts and are exploring potential partnerships or joint development opportunities.
Lightwave Advantage–The Company knows of no other polymer that has been able to demonstrate the combination of thermal stability and high electro-optical activity necessary for advanced applications such as this.